International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology

International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology (IJCIET)

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Volume 9, Issue 13,December 2018, Pages 95-103, Page Count - 9

THEORETICAL CONCEPT OF ADAPTIVE FOREST LAND RECLAMATION OF AGRICULTURAL LANDSCAPES

Alexandra Semenyutina, Galina Podkovyrova, Aliya Khuzhakhmetova, Igor Svintsov, Victoria Semenyutina, Igor Podkovyrov, Yetrie ludung, Fernando, Herry Palangka Jaya, V. M. Ivonin (1) I.V. Voskoboynikova (2) E.Yu. Matvienko (3)

(1) A. K. Kortunov Novocherkassk Engineering and Land Reclamation Institute, a branch of the Don State Agrarian University, str. Pushkinskaya, 111, Novocherkassk, Rostov region, Russian Federation.
(2) A. K. Kortunov Novocherkassk Engineering and Land Reclamation Institute, a branch of the Don State Agrarian University, str. Pushkinskaya, 111, Novocherkassk, Rostov region, Russian Federation.
(3) A. K. Kortunov Novocherkassk Engineering and Land Reclamation Institute, a branch of the Don State Agrarian University, str. Pushkinskaya, 111, Novocherkassk, Rostov region, Russian Federation.

Manuscript ID:- 00000-04702
Access Type : Open Access
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Abstract

The theoretical concept of adaptive forest land reclamation of agricultural landscapes is based on the following provisions: plantations of the forest land reclamation system (FLRS) include resident species of woody plants, as well as introduced species and hybrids; adaptation of protective forest plantations to environmental factors (throughout the growth and development of woody plants or in case of their falling out of the plantation composition) occurs simultaneously with the adaptation of environmental factors, during the expansion of the adaptive capacity of agricultural crops, as well as the improvement of the stability of agricultural landscapes as a result of increasing timber biomass. The use of resident species of woody plants increases the evolutionary "memory" of higher plants (in addition to similar memory of communities of natural forests, copses and wild flora plots included in the FLRS) linking their existence with the parameters of the (natural) environment in a certain biogeographic region. This triggers the homeostatic mechanisms of communities of the FLRS during environmental perturbations (drought, dry wind, frost and cold weather, as well as wind and water erosion). Hybrids, introduced species, or modified species do not possess any genetic information about the natural environment of the region and take part only in the reclamation of the agricultural environment of interbelt fields. Within agricultural landscapes, FLRS, which are integral, selfregulating, photosynthetic and adaptive to the environment during their entire functioning, provide a basis for the local natural biota (populations of communities of plants, microorganisms, fungi, and animals) participating in the harmonization of the FLRS with the global system of life. The FLRS adapts to the reclaimed territory as a result of gradual ordering of its flexible structure and the resistant structure of the water or dust collecting area taking into account the natural and climatic environmental factors, as well as the shape and size of the reclamated object.
Author Keywords
theoretical concept adaptation forest land reclamation agricultural landscape forest land reclamation system biota.
Index Keywords
Biomass Harmonization

ISSN Print: 0976-6308 ISSN Online: 0976-6316
Source Type: Journals Document Type: Journal Article
Publication Language: English DOI: 10.34218/IJCIET.9.13.2018.009
Abbreviated Journal Title: IJCIET Access Type: Open Access
Publisher Name: IAEME Publication Resource Licence: CC BY-NC
Major Subject:Physical Sciences Subject Area classification: Engineering and Technology
Subject area: Civil and Structural Engineering Source: SCOPEDATABASE
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