International Journal of Biological Innovations (IJBI)

Source ID:00000064
Volume 3, Issue 1,January - June 2021, Pages 127-133, Page Count - 7

NESTING BEHAVIOUR AND CURRENT THREATS TO THE INDIAN SARUS CRANE AROUND ALWARA LAKE OF DISTRICT KAUSHAMBI (U.P.), INDIA

Ashok Kumar Verma (1) Shri Prakash (2)

(1) Department of Zoology, Government PG College Saidabad, Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh, India.
(2) Department of Zoology, Kulbhaskar Ashram PG College, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Manuscript ID:- 00000-70071
Access Type : Open Access
Read Full Article


Cite this article:Ashok Kumar Verma,Shri Prakash,  Nesting Behaviour And Current Threats To The Indian Sarus Crane Around Alwara Lake Of District Kaushambi (u.p.), India, International Journal of Biological Innovations(IJBI), 2021, 3(1), PP.127-133

Manuscript Level Metrics (MLM)

Views Downloads Citations Cited References Social Shares
39 15 0 0

Abstract

The Indian Sarus crane (Grus antigone antigone) is a monogamous, graceful water bird, well known as an eternal symbol of unconditional love, devotion and good fortune with a high degree of marital fidelity. Its occurrence represents a healthy wetland ecosystem. A systematic study was conducted from June 2019 to May 2020 in the villages adjoining the Alwara Lake of district Kaushambi (Uttar Pradesh), India to explore the nesting behaviour and current threats to the Sarus crane. During the study, a total number of 43 nests were encountered in the study area. The nests were seen on large wetlands, uplands, paddy fields, scattered irrigation ditches, adjoining areas of Lake etc. around the human settlements. These birds preferred to use local flora in constructing the nests, many of them with medicinal values. The main threats include the egg destruction by predator animals and indirect anthropogenic activities; however farmers tolerate the cranes nesting in their productive sites, despite the considerable crop damage.
Author Keywords
Alwara Lake Conservation Nesting materials Sarus crane Threatened Wetland
Acknowledgement
Authors are grateful to Dr S. N. Mishra, an eminent Zoologist; Prof. Ashish Joshi a reputed Principal, local people, Gram Pradhans and authorities of district administration Kaushambi, Uttar Pradesh for their co-operation during entire survey programme.


ISSN Print: ISSN Online: 2582-1032
Source Type: Journals Document Type: Journal Article
Publication Language: English DOI: https://doi.org/10.46505/IJBI.2021.3111
Abbreviated Journal Title: IJBI Access Type: Open Access
Publisher Name: Glocal Environment & Social Association (GESA) Resource Licence: CC BY-NC
Major Subject:Life Sciences Subject Area classification: Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Subject area: Animal Science and Zoology Source: SCOPEDATABASE

References (29)
  1. Altmann J
    Observational study of behavior: sampling methods
    (1974)Behaviour, Volume 49, Issue 3, Page No 227-267,
  2. Archibald G. W., Sundar K. S. G. and Barzen J
    A review of the three subspecies of Sarus Cranes Grus antigone
    (2003)Journal of Ecological Society, Volume 16, Page No 5-15,
  3. Ashok K. V
    The Sarus Crane Pair: Made for Each Other
    (2016)International Journal on Biological Sciences, Volume 7, Issue 2, Page No 87-89,
  4. Ashok K. V
    Sustainable Development and Environmental Ethics
    (2019)International Journal on Environmental Sciences, Volume 10, Issue 1, Page No 1-5,
  5. Wahied Khawar Balwan, Neelam Saba,
    DECLINE OF HOUSE SPARROW AND COMMON MYNA POPULATION IN DODA REGION OF JAMMU AND KASHMIR, INDIA
    (2020)International Journal of Biological Innovations,, Volume 2, Issue 1, Page No 20-24,
    DOI: https://doi.org/10.46505/IJBI.2020.2103

  6. Borad C., Mukherjee A., Patel S. B. and Parasharya B. M
    Breeding performance of Indian Sarus Crane, Grus antigone antigone in the paddy crop agroecosystem
    (2002)Biodiversity and Conservation, Volume 11, Page No 795-805,
    DOI: doi.org/10.1023/A:1015367406200

  7. International Crane Foundation
    Sarus Crane, Grus antigone
    (2021),
    http://www.savingcranes.org/species-field-guide/

  8. Kumar A. and Kanaujia A
    Nest site selection by Sarus Crane Grus antigone antigone in the Wetlands of Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
    (2017)Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, Volume 5, Issue 4, Page No 1844-1848,
  9. Mukherjee A., Soni V. C., Borad C. K. and Parasharya B. M
    Nest and eggs of Sarus crane (Grus antigone antigone Linn.)
    (2000)Zoos` Print Journal, Volume 15, Page No 375-385,
  10. Mukherjee P. K., Nema N. K., Bandra S., Mukherjee D., Berga F. C. and Matsabisa M. G
    Immuno modulatory leads from medicinal plants
    (2014)Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, Volume 13, Issue 2, Page No 235-256,
  11. Prakash S. and Verma A. K
    Marital fidelity and congregation of Indian sarus crane, Grus antigone antigone in and around Alwara lake of district Kaushambi (Uttar Pradesh), India
    (2016)International Journal of Biological Research, Volume 4, Issue 1, Page No 10-13,
  12. Prakash S. and Verma A. K
    Studies on Use of Local Medicinal Flora in Nest Building by Threatened Bird, Grus antigone antigone in and around Alwara Lake of District Kaushambi (U.P.), India
    (2016)Journal of Applied Life Sciences International, Volume 5, Issue 3, Page No 1-7,
    DOI: doi.org/10.9734/JALSI/2016/26383

  13. Prakash S. and Verma A. K
    Impact of awareness programme on growth and conservation of vulnerable avian species Grus antigone antigone in and around Alwara lake of District Kaushambi (Uttar Pradesh), India
    (2016)The Journal of Zoology Studies, Volume 3, Issue 2, Page No 1-5,
  14. Shri Prakash, Ashok Kumar Verma,
    Comparative Analysis of Sarus Crane Population from 2012-2019 in and around Alwara Lake of District Kaushambi (U.P.), India
    (2019)International Journal of Biological Innovations,, Volume 1, Issue 2, Page No 36-39,
    DOI: doi.org/10.46505/IJBI.2019.1201

  15. Sarkar A., Upadhyay B., Chauhan A., Sharma A. and Mishra P
    Habit and Habitat of Sarus Crane Grus antigone antigone, and Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus in Mainpuri (Uttar Pradesh), India
    (2013)Journal of Chemical, Biological and Physical Sciences, Volume 3, Issue 3, Page No 1808-1816,
  16. Sundar K. S. G. and Choudhary B. C
    The Indian Sarus Crane Grus a. antigone: a literature review
    (2003)Journal of Ecological Society (India), Volume 16, Page No 16-41,
  17. Swapna M. M., Prakash K. R., Anoop K. P., Manju C. N. and Rajith N. P
    A review on the medicinal and edible aspects of aquatic and wetland plants of India
    (2011)Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, Volume 5, Issue 33, Page No 7163-7176,
  18. Tomar V. S. and Chouksey S
    Ethology and Nesting Behavior of Sarus Crane (Grus antigone) in Faridpur Tehsil under Bareilly District of Uttar Pradesh
    (2018)International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Volume 44, Issue 2, Page No 135-143,
  19. Verma A. K
    Sarus Crane Pair: An Epitome of Unconditional Love, Devotion and Good Fortune with high Degree of Marital Fidelity
    (2018)International Journal on Environmental Sciences, Volume 9, Issue 2, Page No 123-126,
  20. Verma A. K
    Positive correlation between Indian Sarus Crane and Agriculture
    (2018)Journal of Experimental Zoology, India, Volume 21, Issue 2, Page No 801-803,
  21. Verma A. K., Prakash S. and Kumar S
    Status and Ecology of Sarus Crane, Grus antigone antigone in and around the Alwara Lake of District Kaushambi (U.P.)
    (2015)International Journal on Environmental Sciences, Volume 6, Issue 2, Page No 331-335,
  22. Verma A. K. and Prakash S
    Demographic studies of Indian Sarus Crane, Grus antigone antigone in and around Alwara Lake of District Kaushambi (U.P.), India
    (2016)International Journal of Innovative Biological Research, Volume 5, Issue 1, Page No 1-4,
  23. Verma A. K. and Prakash S
    Population dynamics of Indian Sarus Crane, Grus antigone antigone (Linnaeus, 1758) in and around Alwara lake of Kaushambi district(Uttar Pradesh), India
    (2016)International Journal of Biological Research, Volume 4, Issue 2, Page No 206-210,
  24. Verma A. K. and Prakash S
    Selective behaviour of Indian Sarus Crane in choosing plant species for nest construction in and around Alwara Lake of district Kaushambi (U.P.), India
    (2016)International Journal of Zoology and Research, Volume 6, Issue 3, Page No 1-6,
  25. Verma A. K. and Prakash S
    A study on the population scenario of Indian Sarus crane (Grus antigone antigone) in and around Alwara Lake of District Kaushambi (U.P.), India
    (2018)Asian Journal of Biology, Volume 5, Issue 1, Page No 1-8,
  26. Verma A. K. and Prakash S
    Sustainable Conservation and Management of Indian Sarus crane (Grus antigone antigone) in and around Alwara Lake of District Kaushambi (U.P.), India
    (2018)Indian Journal of Biology, Volume 5, Issue 2, Page No 150-153,
  27. Verma A. K. and Prakash S
    Sustainable Increase in the Number of Indian Sarus crane in and around Alwara Lake of District Kaushambi (U.P.), India
    (2019)International Journal of Zoology Studies, Volume 4, Issue 3, Page No 30-33,
  28. Ashok Kumar Verma, SADGURU PRAKASH,
    STATUS OF ANIMAL PHYLA IN DIFFERENT KINGDOM SYSTEMS OF BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION
    (2020)International Journal of Biological Innovations,, Volume 2, Issue 2, Page No 149-154,
    DOI: https://doi.org/10.46505/IJBI.2020.2211

  29. Yaseen M., Saxena R. and Dubey S
    Population Composition, Distribution and Habitat Preference of Indian Sarus Crane (Grus antigone antigone) in Chittaurgarh District, Southern Rajasthan
    (2013)Journal of Chemical, Biological and Physical Sciences, Volume 3, Issue 4, Page No 2784-2792,